How many thermal power stations are in Pakistan and give some details of those thermal power station?

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Project Date of Contract Description Date of Completion Guddu Thermal Power Station Unit No.4, Pakistan (210MW, Oil-fired) 1983 Surveying, designing, manufacturing, supplying, installation, commissioning, personnel-training <center> 1986.6</center> Jamshoro Thermal Power Station Unit No.2, Pakistan (210MW, Oil/gas-fired) 1987 <center> Turn-key project</center> 1989.12.3 Jamshoro Thermal Power Station Unit No.3, Pakistan (210MW, Oil/gas-fired) <center> 1987</center> 1990.6.7 Jamshoro Thermal Power Station Unit No.4, Pakistan (210MW, Oil/gas-fired) <center> 1987</center> 1991.1.21 Chittagong Thermal Power Station Unit No.1, Bangladesh (210MW, Gas-fired)  <center> 1989.11.17</center> 1993.4.18 Muzaffargarh Thermal Power Station Unit No.5, Pakistan (210MW, Oil/gas-fired) <center> 1991.9</center> 1995.2.14 Muzaffargarh Thermal Power Station Unit No.6, Pakistan (210MW, Oil/gas-fired) <center> 1991.9</center> 1995.8.14 Muzaffargarh Thermal Power Station Unit No.4, Pakistan (320MW, Oil/gas-fired)  <center> 1993.5</center> 1996.12 Chittagong Thermal Power Station Unit No.2, Bangladesh (210MW, Gas-fired) <center> 1994.7</center> 1997.7 Kuching Thermal Power Station Unit No.1, Malaysia (50MW, Coal-fired) <center> 1994.11.22 1994.5.8</center> <center> 1997.7</center> Kuching Thermal Power Station Unit No.2, Malaysia (50MW, Coal-fired) 1994.11.22 1994.5.8 <center> 1997.9</center> Power Plant Air Cooling System, Iran 1996.7 Complete equipment for 14 sets of air cooling system <center>  1999.12</center> Thermal Power Station Units 1 &2 (2×325MW), Azerbaijan, Iran 1997.3 Survey, design, manufacture, supply, supervision of installation, commissioning, testing, etc. <center> Scheduled in Dec. 2002</center> Diesel Power Station 2×6600KW Ahead, Sudan 1998.3 <center> Turn-key project</center> Scheduled in Dec. 2002 Iraq Gas Turbine Generating Set (6x37MW) <center> 1998.8</center> 2000.8 Philippines Oil-fired Thermal Power Plant (2x15KW) <center> 1997</center>
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What are the problems of thermal power stations?

The stations letting CO2 gas out to the atmosphere to act as a blanket or a green house so this makes our earth warmer and this stations damage our plants and animals.

What is a thermal station?

A thermal power station comprises all of the equipment and systems required to produce electicity by using a steam generating boiler fired with fossil fuels or biofuels to drive an electrical generator. Such power stations are most usually constructed on a very large scale and designed for continious operation.

How do thermal power stations work?

it works by you cooking your own poo in the oven mixed in with some chicken you then use the energy from the poo to heat up your house and you also have your dinner chicken

What are the advantages of thermal power plant?

One of the advantages of the thermal power plant is co-generation.The waste heat can be used for the various industrial process.Thermal generation therefore helps in utilization of the wastematerial.

When was the first solar thermal power station built?

Spain, the United States and China all have solar panel thermalstations. Though it is unclear where the first station was built.

How much power generation in Muzaffar Garh Thermal Power Station?

m/thermal consists of 5X210+1x320 MW capacity that is all steam power generation. so its total installed capacity is 1070 MW.

Who invented the solar thermal power?

It's like as we used to burn a piece of paper or cloth through the lens reflecting back the sunlight with very high intensity and in a focussed way. This is perhaps the source of innovation to which people have upgraded and boked it as an oppurtunity to make use of this natural resource.

How many power stations are there in the world?

\n . \n . There are 6,600 operational power plants producing at least one mw in the USA. . Globally there are over 2,300 coal fired power stations (source: . The above excludes, geothermal, nuclear, gas, hydro and other forms of renewable energy. . To be safe estimate approximately 15,000.

Where are thermal power stations located in India?

Since this question is in the Nuclear Energy section, I assume you mean nuclear stations. See the reference link below

Where is the Kayamkulam thermal power station located?

It is near the town of Haripad in Travancore. . The large National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) plant at Kayamkulam is situated near to Haripad. There is also a good railway station in Haripad. . Haripad assembly constituency is part of Alappuzha (Lok Sabha constituency).

Thermal power station advantages and disadvantages?

well, stations always take up room for the environment which could be cultivated for the use of growing food etc. which is a great disadvange is our day and age, as food is neseccary to live.. However, this could create more jobs for a lot of people thus increasing in a good way our current economic situaton which by is failing misearably.. We also get power and energy which is good, because if thine hasn't noticed, we need it. End of discussion.. i hope that answers you question whoever you are - i do have a PhD - or studying for this - so it is good information. Good luck in your future endeavours.

What are theCauses of air pollution in kothagudem thermal power station?

Due to having large numbers of heavy scale and small scale industries.Large number of vehicles is also responsible air pollution

How many power stations are there in England?

The link below gives all electricity producing plants in the UK. Many are very small wind or hydro plants, but you can extract the identities of larger plants if that is what you are after. See Table DUKES 5.11 from the list of tables.

How many power station are there in the UK?

If you mean nuclear stations, there are AGR's at the following: Dungeness B, Hinkley B, Hunterston B, Hartlepool, Heysham 1, Heysham 2, and Torness for a total of 14 reactors. Most of the magnox reactors are now shutdown. I believe Wylfa is the only one still operating. There is also a PWR operating (Sizewell B). If you want a full list of all power plants, see the link below.

List four costs of using fossil fuels in thermal power stations?

Carbon Dioxide, particular matter, mercury and radioactive trace elements are released/emitted from the fossil fuel thermal power stations and cause damage to the environment. Also, paying for the fuel, clean up and remediation of pollution-prevention. :)

Can thermal power be used in Scotland?

Yes, but thermal power includes two broad options: . Geo-thermal power (using the heat of the Earth) can be used anywhere. It's just a matter of drilling down far enough into the earth till you reach hot rock. Then you pump cold water down one shaft and boiling hot water bubbles up through a second shaft. You use the boiling water to generate electricity. This takes the heat out of it and you can pump it down the shaft again and reheat it again. Some of the electricity generated will be used to keep the pumping going. The rest is free for Scotland. . Fuel-generated thermal power results from the combustion of coal, oil, natural gas, biofuels, or waste to generate heat and boil water. The process from this point is similar as the above, but the water recycles through the boiler, not the deep strata of rock.

What is thermal power generation?

Thermal means "relating to heat." Geothermal (Earth's heat energy) energy is tapped by pumping water down deep bore holes under pressure, the water heats up and turns to steam. When it returns to the surface the steam is used to drive generators, whcih it turn produce electricity. Iceland, which has a lot of volcanic areas and hot springs, makes considerable use of geothermal energy.

Where are the thermal power plants in US?

Thermal power plants include both conventional and nuclear systems. Data is available on a state by state basis (See example at Link)

How many power stations do you have in England?

Nuclear ones, 17 reactors (14 AGR, 1 PWR, two Magnox) are operational. This includes Scotland and Wales

What do thermal power station do for fuel?

(Geo)thermal power stations work by drilling a hole kilometers into the surface where the temperature is around 300 Cel.\n. \nThey then send water down the hole, and because of the almost instantaneous boiling, steam rises out at an enormous pressure which is used to drive the steam turbines which in return, generate the KW's of electricity.\n. \nEfficient stations would then condense that water and use it again.\n. \nThis form of energy is really only useful in places where the heat underground is only not too deep since it costs a lot of money to drill deep holes underground.\n. \n- Matt.\nAUSTRALIA

Name two thermal power station of west Bengal?

bandel thermal power station kolaghat thermal power station cesc budge budge cesc cossipore cesc titagarh cesc southern avenue mejia thermal power plant(a unit of wbpdcl) durgapur power projects limited(durgapur) bakresware thermal power station farakka thermal power station(a unit of ntpc) sagadighi thermal power station dvc thermal power station(durgapur)

How electricity is made in thermal power stations?

In simple terms: The primary energy resource (coal, oil, gas, uranium, solar, etc..) is used to produce heat that transfers water into steam (heat Energy). The steam (the heat energy) is passed upon turbines and moving them (producing mechanical energy) which in turn moves the generators to produce electricity.

What is derator in thermal power plant?

to remove the oxygen and carbon di oxide in boiler feed water we are the various deaerator mechanical deaerator spry typr vaccum type likr thwt

What are the future prospect of thermal power plant in Pakistan?

Powerplants that run on Natural gas does not hold a very bright future, as most of the Country's land transport relies heavily on Natural Gas, in addition to some of already installed power plants that run on the same fuel. If we look at the geographic distribution of the country's gas reservoirs, then we shall find that most of them are lying at Baluchistan Province, where the security issue is on a rise, since a few years. . So, you may think of a power plant, which may not get the fuel after 5 to 10 years time from local sources, or may be not getting it after the next day you comission it (due to any attacks on the main pipelines). . Powerplants that run on oil can also be converted to use natural gas as their fuel. However, the oil power plants may have better future prospects, as the the oil reservoirs of the country are dithered apart on the map and also the import route of the oil lies in safe regions (Mostly Karachi Port). . However, the most enticing offer for any investor in this sector will be in the coal power plants-- the reservoirs are enough to power the country for next 100 years or more, only if managed with 33% efficiency. The location of the reservoirs are in a very safe places (politically) and that is not far from the main cities which have most of the industrial loads (specially cities of Punjab Province).

What is oil thermal power plant?

The oil thermal plant refers to the chemical energy that is storedin the fossil fuel like the natural gas, oil shale, fuel oil, andcoal. They are usually successively converted into thermal energy,mechanical energy, and electrical energy.

Which are investment thermal power station eklahara?

Is this the place you mean? In India There is also a big dam built just after the source of the river at Trimbakeshwar. The dam is in the town of Gangapur, which literally means a town on a river. The dam provides drinking water to the residents of Nashik and also supplies water to the thermal power station situated downstream at Eklahara, which provides power to the town.

List four benefits of using fossil fuels in thermal power stations?

There are several benefits of using fossil fuels as compared toother forms of fuel. Some benefits are that fossil fuels arereadily available in large quantity and are easy to process. Otherbenefits are that fossil fuels produce more energy and are cheaper.

List the names of thermal power stations?

There are hundreds! If you mean nuclear stations, in the US you can get a list from If you mean world wide, go to .

In India largest thermal power station is located at?

Hi There, India's largest thermal power station is located at Chandrapur in Maharashtra district. If in full production, it has capacity to produce electricity worth 2400 MW. Thanks, Abhijeet

What fuels are used in thermal power stations?

With the exception of nuclear power stations (which are classed as 'thermal'), all other 'thermal' power stations use combustible fuels, including coal (usually pulverised), oil, gas, wood-chips, etc. I visited a sugar plantation, in Indonesia, where the waste material (pulverised) from the processed sugar cane was used as the main fuel in their on-site power station.

Why there is tripping given in vacuum in thermal power station?

Generally the condenser in the power plants are designed to operate under vacuum. The specific volume of the steam is relatively higher than water. The steam coming from the exhaust of the turbine is cooled by the circulating water and the non combustibles are removed by the air removing equipment like ejectors or vacuum pumps. In case these equipment fail condensation of steam fails and it tries to occupy more volume. As the space in the condenser is limited it is pressurized and failure would happen. More over once the condenser is pressurized the flow through the turbine is reduced considerably which leads to churning of steam in the turbine which ultimately heats the turbine blades leading to failure. Hence a tripping of turbine is introduced which cuts of steam flow into the turbine and the condenser.

How is electricity produced in thermal power stations?

-- The heat is used to boil water. -- The steam is guided through the vanes of a turbine. -- The spinning turbine spins an electrical generator.

What are the factors affecting the location of the thermal power stations?

The factors affecting the location of the (nuclear) thermal power stations are partially location in relationship to the grid, and mostly location in relationhip to the heatsink. An enormous amout of energy is generated by the nuclear reaction - in fact the typical efficiency of the nuclear to electric power production cycle is only 33% - and that excess energy must be dissipated. There is also the factor of the population density, in that the design of the emergency/evacuation planning zone needs to consider the amount of people needed to be evacuated in the event of a large nuclear incident, should that occur.

Where is the largest thermal power station in NewZealand?

Since this question is in the "nuclear energy" category, I assume it relates to nuclear thermal reactor. To my knowledge there are no nuclear plants in New Zealand. It would make sense, however, for the question to refer to a geothermal plant and be in the wrong category. If that is the case, the the answer is the Wairakei Plant at Wairakei, at about the center of the North Island. This plant is scheduled to be decommissioned in 2011. When it is, the largest geothermal plant in New Zealand will be the Nga Awa Purua Power station in Taupo, which is also at about the center of the North Island.

Why water is necessary in thermal power stations?

Most nuclear power plants use thermal-neutron reactors. These reactors use what are called thermal or slow neutrons. Water us used in the reactor as a neutron moderator. This means that the water slows down the more energetic, or fast, neutrons. The slower neutrons are more able to cause atoms to undergo fission. In other words, water is used to help control the reaction. For the generation of electricity, the heat of the reaction boils water to produce steam to run the turbines. The turbines turn the generators. About 60-65% of the heat of a typical nuclear power plant is waste energy. Water is used to cool the plant, and then it is put through heat exchangers to discharge the heat into the air or into some nearby lake, river, or ocean. The availability of water is a very important issue in siting a nuclear power plant, and is the reason almost all of them are placed near large bodies of water.

What is the advantage of thermal power station?

By definition, a thermal power station generates electricity utilising some form of heat source to produce steam. Steam provides the energy to drive turbines that,in turn, power the generators that produce electricity. In some cases, turbines and generators are built as integral units. What provides the necessary heat? The answer is any form of raw material that is combustible, and that the amount of heat produced is sufficient to raise the quantity of steam required to run the turbines. Coal was one of the earliest raw materials for generating electricity. Some countries were lucky enough to have their own coalfields. which meant that, being locally available, it was cheap to use. Countries without coalfields were obliged to import coal supplies in order to run power stations. So their electricity cost more to produce. It is also possible to use large diesel engines to drive the generators. A diesel engine is a compression/ignition engine that utilises basic oil raw material that is refined to a suitable quality. Countries with oil fields within their borders are able to use this instead of coal and also are able to keep raw material costs low for their electricity. Both of the raw materials mentioned so far are materials having a definite supply life. They are also both capable of developing huge quantities of greenhouse gases and other atmospheric contaminants unless expensive filtration methods are used. So, in answer to the question, a major benefit of thermal power stations is one of raw material cost. In countries with no supply fields within their borders, both materials are relatively cheap to transport. It would not be impossible to to use timber as a raw material, which is a renewable energy source but its efficiency would be less than that of a coal burning station. Another way to generate the power needed to produce electricity on an industrial scale is to use atomic power. This offers tremendous advantages in regard to raw material transportation on a power to weight ratio basis. Because nuclear power is capable of being developed on a modular basis, it means that as an area grows in its demand for electricity, additional modules can be developed alongside the original. Also it offers a number of other advantages regarding location. Consider a coastal town that suffers a shortage of potable water. Here it wold be entirely possible to build a nuclear facility that would have two products - electricity and water. By using sea water for cooling purposes, sufficient could be desalinated for municipal distribution. The combined cost of both electricity and potable water would be less than the present alternative. In fact, one such development installation was seen to be operating 1967/68. So there is still a big future for thermal electricity generation, but not, perhaps as the uninformed would be able to foresee. Like the song says, "There'll be some changes made."

Why you use cooling towers in thermal power station?

This is to cool the steam turbine condenser, where the steam outlet from the turbine's last stage is condensed before returning to the boiler feed pump inlets. The cooling towers circulate water that passes through tubes inside the condenser, separate from the steam/water in the boilers.

What is purpose of using Intermediate and Low pressure turbines in a thermal power station?

To obtain as much mechanical energy from the steam produced in the plant's steam raising units as possible, it is expanded through increasing sized turbine wheels, eventually expanding into a vacuum in the turbine condenser before condensing and returning to the steam cycle.

Why are the thermal power stations located mainly in southern Pakistan?

Customized CHP Packages Reduce Energy Costs. Up TO 6MW Supply Woodward Governors Actuator Fuel Valves and Controls

Why thermal power stations located in India?

the thermal power stations are not only located in India, they are located in the part of the world where there are coal reserves, India has large coal reserve located in various parts of M.P,C.G,JHARKHAND & KOLKATA,this is the reason behind the location of thermal power stations in India,as these stations use coal for the generation of electricity

Why are thermal power stations located in southern Pakistan?

Customized CHP Packages Reduce Energy Costs. Up TO 6MW Supply Woodward Governors Actuator Fuel Valves and Controls

Why are the thermal power station located mainly in southern pakistan?

Pakistan only touches water on its southern borders. Because thermal power stations need steam, ergo water, they need to have a water source.

Can alcohols be used in thermal power stations?

Alcohols can be burned to produce thermal energy, in the same way as petroleum products, but I doubt if it would be economical to do so. Oil fired power plants use the heavy end of the petroleum products, which is not suitable for making gasoline or diesel, and is therefore relatively cheap.

Why are thermal power plants located in southern Pakistan?

Because the southern side of Pakistan has abundance of coal and gaswhich is essential for thermal power plant as these plants burncoal and gas

How many power stations have had leaks?

¥There was a leak of dangerous gas from Hinkley point B nuclear power station in 2004. . ¥In 1986 the Chernobyl nuclear power station in the Ukraine suffered a melt down. This led to 56 deaths. .

What uses geo thermal power?

The ground beneath our feet contains a significant amount of energy in the form of heat. All of this geothermal energy has the potential to generate geothermal power to provide large amounts of electricity. People have used geothermal energy in the form of hot springs for centuries, however, the first attempt to generate electricity from this energy source did not occur until the 20th century. The production of electricity from geothermal energy sources can be a highly efficient method to generate a source of clean and renewable energy. Location is key for the development of an efficient geothermal power station, and therefore, significant levels of electricity can only be generated in certain areas. There are only a handful of locations across the world that are capable of producing viable and efficient levels of electricity from geothermal energy sources. As a result of this, in 2007, less than 1% of the worlds electricity supply was produced from geothermal sources. To harness geothermal energy and transform this into electricity, geothermal power stations are designed in a variety of ways.

What is the function of condenser in thermal power station?

Wtaer is heated to steam, which expands and spins turbines. The steam is then cooled in the condenser, changing back to liquid water. This water is returned to be heated again into steam.

What is hotwell in thermal power plant?

In a pow4er house steam is expanded in turbine to get work from it . After expansion of steam it is condensed to reuse. The storage tank in which it is stored ,is called hotwell.

How do you get details about BE projects in ennore thermal power plant?

ECE and EEE students can do their projects in ennor PP, if they contact them at the most beginning of the Final semester or even sooner possible.... It would be less expensive.....

How water treatment in thermal power stations?

Water treatment for nuclear power stations is a complicated and specialist subject. They usually put corrosion inhibitors into the water. These differ from ones in coal and oil fired plants in that they must stand up to the radiation in the core, must not be converted into unacceptably radioactive products themselves or absorb so many neutrons that it would slow the nuclear reaction, and that is it is generally impossible to pull apart the primary loop in a nuclear reactor except for major maintenance or when the reactor is decommissioned. Because of this volatile corrosion inhibitors like amines and amine alcohols are generally preferred to ones like sodium hydroxide. This is for two main reasons. Firstly sodium becomes radioactive when exposed to neutrons. Secondly it is a solid and if it crystallizes out or evaporates it can cause solid deposits which can plug the cooling system, which could cause a Loss of Coolant Accident (LoCA). As for treatment of the water after it has reached its end of useful life, generally techniques like ion exchange and evaporation are used when water is significantly contaminated. These usually occur after the waste water has sat for a long time in a tank or pond so that the short lived, more dangerous radioisotopes have had a chance to decay to manageable levels. The solid waste from evaporation is then treated as a radioactive waste, and classified and disposed of according to its level of radioactivity.