Is Brown bear root poisonous?

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Indian Potato (Hedysarum alpinum, H. hedysaroides) Bear Root (Hedysarum mackenzii) Other Names: Eskimo potato, masru, Alaska carrot, licorice root (H. alpinum; H. hedysaroides); Wild sweetpea (Hedysarum mackenzii). Pea Family: (Leguminosae). Bear Root Physical Description: Hedysarum mackenzii (PICTURED ABOVE) a: grows to 2 1/2 feet; b: showy reddish-purple flowers that are arranged in clusters (racemes); c: pods (loments) are hairy, cross-veined, and have 3 to 8 joints; d: undersides of leaves are whitish and felty. Veins are hidden. Roots are inedible and can cause severe digestive upset. This species is regarded as poisonous. Indian Potato Physical Description: Hedysarum alpinum (PICTURED ABOVE) e: grows up to 2 1/2 feet; f: flower clusters are tapered and narrow at the top; g: pods are smooth and net-veined. H. alpinum pods have 1 to 3 joints; h: leaves are smooth; veins on underside are obvious. Roots are edible. Habitat and Range: Indian potato and bear root share similar habitats, namely gravel river bars, roadsides, rocky hillsides, and meadows. H. hedysaroides and H. alpinum are noted as edibles in the Hedysarum genus. Collectively they range from northern Alaska and the Yukon to British Columbia. Their range frequently overlaps with H. mackenzii, a species reported to be toxic. Species of unknown edibility, such as H. boreale (the Yukon to Oregon) and H. sulphurescens (British Columbia to Washington) also occur. Hedysarum: Genus to Be-A-Ware: Unlike many genera where some species are more tasty than others but all are harmless, the Hedysarums have distinct differences in safety. To harvest, you must be aware, noting subtle variations in leaf and flower structure between species. Foragers careless in identification are risking digestive disturbances. Though H. mackenzii isn't apt to be lethal, it is unsuited for human consumption. Athabascans refer to mackenzii as 'brown bear food.' Alaska's other Hedysarum species (alpinum/hedysaroides), however, are highly regarded for human use. Both H. alpinum and H. hedysaroides have smooth leaves with obvious veins on the underside of their leaves. H. hedysaroides has a shorter and darker colored flower cluster than alpinum. The top of the clusters in both are tapered, and narrower in appearance than H. mackenzii. Pods are smooth and net-veined. Harvest Calendar: Early spring or fall after frost for roots. The time of the harvest creates a problem for foragers. The plants are most easily and positively identified during the summer, precisely when the roots are dry and stringy. Foragers should mark a patch carefully, taking note as to whether any toxic bear root is present. In fall, when the foliage has died back and the roots are sweet, the forager can return and safely harvest. Natives, who rely heavily on this food source, can identify Hedysarum species simply by the appearance of the root. The 'bear food' tends to have shorter, less branched taproots. Food Use: Like garden parsnips, the roots of Indian potato are sweetened by frost. The plump fall or spring roots can be washed and eaten raw like carrots, grated into coleslaw, sliced and stir-fried, steamed as a dinner vegetable, simmered in stews, or added to boiled dinners. Try tatercakes when camping, serve them as a breakfast pancake, or as a supper potato substitute. Dena'ina Athabascans feed the softened roots to infants who lack mother's milk. The food is an important staple, which is stored in quantity in underground food caches. The Dena'ina refer to H. alpinum as k'tl'ila meaning "rope," an apt description of the root that grows to two feet long. H. mackenzii is ggagga k'tl'ina, which translates as "good food for bears." Interior Athabascans gather Indian potato in fall and store the roots, mixed wish fish oil and Rubus chamaemorus berries in cellars for winter use. Flora Kokrine, an Athabascan born in Tanana, Alaska, favors roots fried in oil. Elder Howard Luke of Nenana says he adds the roots to moose soup. Kobuk River Eskimos crush H. alpinum root, called 'masru' and use as butter. Roots are often taken from mouse holes and replaced with fish or other food. According to Inupiat teachings, masru should always be eaten with oil. Eating the root plain can cause constipation. del.icio.us Tags: indian_potato hedysarum_alpinum hedysarum_hedysaroides eskimo_potato_masru alaska_carrot licorice_root Hedysrum_alpinum wild_sweetpea hedysrum_mackenzii pea_family leguminosae Indian Potato (Hedysarum alpinum, H. hedysaroides) Bear Root (Hedysarum mackenzii) Other Names: Eskimo potato, masru, Alaska carrot, licorice root (H. alpinum; H. hedysaroides); Wild sweetpea (Hedysarum mackenzii). Pea Family: (Leguminosae). Bear Root Physical Description: Hedysarum mackenzii a: grows to 2 1/2 feet; b: showy reddish-purple flowers that are arranged in clusters (racemes); c: pods (loments) are hairy, cross-veined, and have 3 to 8 joints; d: undersides of leaves are whitish and felty. Veins are hidden. Roots are inedible and can cause severe digestive upset. This species is regarded as poisonous. Indian Potato Physical Description: Hedysarum alpinum e: grows up to 2 1/2 feet; f: flower clusters are tapered and narrow at the top; g: pods are smooth and net-veined. H. alpinum pods have 1 to 3 joints; h: leaves are smooth; veins on underside are obvious. Roots are edible. Habitat and Range: Indian potato and bear root share similar habitats, namely gravel river bars, roadsides, rocky hillsides, and meadows. H. hedysaroides and H. alpinum are noted as edibles in the Hedysarum genus. Collectively they range from northern Alaska and the Yukon to British Columbia. Their range frequently overlaps with H. mackenzii, a species reported to be toxic. Species of unknown edibility, such as H. boreale (the Yukon to Oregon) and H. sulphurescens (British Columbia to Washington) also occur. Hedysarum: Genus to Be-A-Ware: Unlike many genera where some species are more tasty than others but all are harmless, the Hedysarums have distinct differences in safety. To harvest, you must be aware, noting subtle variations in leaf and flower structure between species. Foragers careless in identification are risking digestive disturbances. Though H. mackenzii isn't apt to be lethal, it is unsuited for human consumption. Athabascans refer to mackenzii as 'brown bear food.' Alaska's other Hedysarum species (alpinum/hedysaroides), however, are highly regarded for human use. Both H. alpinum and H. hedysaroides have smooth leaves with obvious veins on the underside of their leaves. H. hedysaroides has a shorter and darker colored flower cluster than alpinum. The top of the clusters in both are tapered, and narrower in appearance than H. mackenzii. Pods are smooth and net-veined. Harvest Calendar: Early spring or fall after frost for roots. The time of the harvest creates a problem for foragers. The plants are most easily and positively identified during the summer, precisely when the roots are dry and stringy. Foragers should mark a patch carefully, taking note as to whether any toxic bear root is present. In fall, when the foliage has died back and the roots are sweet, the forager can return and safely harvest. Natives, who rely heavily on this food source, can identify Hedysarum species simply by the appearance of the root. The 'bear food' tends to have shorter, less branched taproots. Food Use: Like garden parsnips, the roots of Indian potato are sweetened by frost. The plump fall or spring roots can be washed and eaten raw like carrots, grated into coleslaw, sliced and stir-fried, steamed as a dinner vegetable, simmered in stews, or added to boiled dinners. Try tatercakes when camping, serve them as a breakfast pancake, or as a supper potato substitute. Dena'ina Athabascans feed the softened roots to infants who lack mother's milk. The food is an important staple, which is stored in quantity in underground food caches. The Dena'ina refer to H. alpinum as k'tl'ila meaning "rope," an apt description of the root that grows to two feet long. H. mackenzii is ggagga k'tl'ina, which translates as "good food for bears." Interior Athabascans gather Indian potato in fall and store the roots, mixed wish fish oil and Rubus chamaemorus berries in cellars for winter use. Flora Kokrine, an Athabascan born in Tanana, Alaska, favors roots fried in oil. Elder Howard Luke of Nenana says he adds the roots to moose soup. Kobuk River Eskimos crush H. alpinum root, called 'masru' and use as butter. Roots are often taken from mouse holes and replaced with fish or other food. According to Inupiat teachings, masru should always be eaten with oil. Eating the root plain can cause constipation. del.icio.us Tags: indian_potato hedysarum_alpinum hedysarum_hedysaroides eskimo_potato_masru alaska_carrot licorice_root Hedysrum_alpinum wild_sweetpea hedysrum_mackenzii pea_family leguminosae
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Do brown bears cohabitate with black bears?

no brown bears do not cohabitate with black bears. . Answer . Black Bears and Brown Bears DO live in the same area. Living in Alaska, I have seen (about a week ago) a brown bear in an area where I had seen a mother black bear and her cub two days before.

Why are roots brown?

Roots are brown because they do not have chlorophyll which gives the green color to the plant.The plants are green because they contain chlorophyll its as simple as that.

Are brown bears the same as grizzly bears?

Actually, it's a "race" and it's the other way around. Grizzlies are a "race" of Brown bear. So All Grizzlies are Brown Bears but not all Brown Bears are Grizzlies.. It is actually a race, not a subspecies. {actually, race is the same as subspecies. Generally, race is used more commonly for birds, (MORE)

Are brown snakes poisonous?

There are many different types of brown snakes in the world. The Eastern brown snake of Austalia is one of their most dangerous snakes. Some are venomous such as Eastern brown snake and some are not. Some species found in the United States are harmless and often kept as pets.

What is a brown bear?

The brown bear is a large bear that can be found around Eurasia andNorth America. The brown bear is the most omnivorous animal in theworld.

Why is root bear called root bear?

Root bear is called root bear because of a root tea that the personwho invented it drank. He enjoyed the tea so much that he wanted tomake his own version as a soft drink. It was during prohibition,and by naming it root beer, he hoped those who were drinking rumwould turn to his non alcoholic drink. (MORE)

Is the brown bear bigger then a Kodiak bear?

Kodiak bears are brown bears, of which there are many subspecies or races. The Kodiak is one of the larger ones, males commonly weigh 1000 pounds, and rare ones may exceed 1300 or more.

Are Brown recluse spiders poisonous?

Yes. The brown recluse is extremely poisonous. Symptoms are headache, vomiting, temporary memory loss, and many flu-like symptoms. Not only do these symptoms occur, but the poison literally kills what it comes in contact with. Should you be bitten on the leg, the poison would kill your body's cells, (MORE)

Are mimosa roots poisonous?

I know of someone who collects roots of the mimosa plant to be boiled and drank as a powerful organic form of pain relief. Which means that perhaps it is not poisonous to a certain extent. - Albert Heng

What is meaner black bear or brown bear?

Considering Black Bears are the nicest bears, I would have to go with the brown bear.. Brown bears are more aggressive than black bears. Brown bear attacks are mostly defensive while most black bear attacks are predatory. Making the black bear a little more dangerous.

Which is larger the brown bear or polar bear?

It is generally considered that the Polar Bear is "largest" between the two bears. Due to the average adult male Polar Bear has a weight of 900 to 1,500 pounds. While the Brown Bear adult male averages a close second with 500 to 900 pounds. The largest recorded weights can be confusing, since they a (MORE)

Why are brown bears brown?

because that is how they were made they are like that so that they can blend in with their surroundings

Are brown lizards poisonous?

Most likely not. I would need a picture to be sure or maybe just the state or contient that you live in. I have no idea what kind of brown lizard it is but I know that most of the time brown lizards are harmless like the Fence Lizard or a Bearded Dragon or a skink. but...maybe you have a weird one (MORE)

Is bear blood poisonous?

The blood is no more poisonous than ours--so it is not poisonous. However, if you have been bit by a bear, their saliva may cause you some misery.

Is a brown bear always brown?

Most brown bears are brown, but some may be blonde or black in colour. There have even been cases of brown bears that were white in colour, when grizzly bears have mated with polar bears. (That wouldn't be a Brown Bear, it would be a Polar/Grizzly hybrid.)

Is burdock root poisonous?

Because the roots of burdock closely resemble those of Deadly nightshade (also known as belladonna or Atropa belladonna), there is a risk that burdock preparations may be contaminated with these potentially dangerous herbs. Be sure to buy products from established companies with good reputations. Do (MORE)

Are brown bears and black bears the same?

No. Brown bears are a different species from black bears. Brown bears are significantly larger than black bears by a ratio of around 2:1. They have a dished face and are always a deep brown (coastal brown bears) to blond with dark brown legs, face and ears (inland bears). They also tend to have a hu (MORE)

Are lantana roots poisonous to dogs?

The toxic compounds lantadene A and B are found mainly in the leaves and green berries. Although there is a small amount of the compound found in the bark of the roots, it is a minuscule amount. Cultures have been known to chew the root of Lantana spp. to use as a toothbrush of sort. Look at the (MORE)

Do brown bears and polar bears mate?

No. 1. Why would they? 2. How would a brown bear travel all the way to the North pole? Or vice versa. 3. Even if a polar bear and a brown bear did meet, they would be enemies.

What is larger a brown bear or grizzly bear?

The grizzly is a race of the brown bear, found in inland sections of North America. They usually do not grow as large as the brown bears of coastal regions of the northwest.

Are baby brown snakes poison?

My understanding is that baby brown snakes ( in Australia) are born with enough venom to kill a man, the question is if the fangs can penetrate the skin. I would leave them well enough alone.

Is the wooly bear caterpillar poisonous?

There are several varieties of wooly bear caterpillars, and severalhave chemical irritants on their short, spiny hairs. Some do not,but can still cause rashes and discomfort.

How are black bears and brown bears a like?

For the most part, they are the same, except one is brown, one black, and black bears a re smaller. Diet changes too, as brown bears are carnivores, while black ones are omnivores. Your more likely to see a black bear in a tree too. :)

Can brown bears become polar bears?

Not unless we have another ice age and then it would likely take hundreds of thousands of years, if not millions. But on the other hand, they already have... . ...Bears, in the taxonomic family of Ursidae, split off from other Carnivorans about 38 million years ago. Then the Ursinae subfamily orig (MORE)

What gas is brown and poison?

That sounds very much like bromine. Nitrogen dioxide, is also a brown very toxic gas. Used in the production of Sulphuric Acid.

Where is root bear from?

There are many recipes for root beer, a beverage that was invented and promoted by temperance activists in the hope that it would replace "real" beer. It didn't.

Are king brown spiders poisonous?

The bite frequently is not felt initially and may not be immediately painful, but it can be serious. The brown recluse bears a potentially deadly hemotoxic venom.

Can a black bear kill a brown bear?

Only one smaller, like a cub or yearling. Adult brown bears are too much for the black bear to handle. In fact, grizzlies sometimes kill black bears.

Is a bear brown?

if it's a brown bear, yes if it's a black bear, no if it's a polar bear, no if it's a grizzly bear, yes

Is the brown bear or black bear who is biggest?

The brown bear is, on average. However, there is overlap between the two. There are many brown bear races, varying in size, from 450 pounds to over 1200. Black bears can weigh as much as 800 on rare occasions, with the record being a North Carolina specimen of 880 pounds.

Are brown bears like mountain bears?

Brown bears are and are not mountain bears. There is no species ofbear called the "mountain bear" anyway. All you have are grizzlies,black bears, brown bears and polar bears. So it really depends onwhat you mean by "mountain bears." Location helps a lot too, as youcould refer to the "mountain bears" (MORE)