Long term effects of nuclear waste?
cancers, birth defects, infertility and mutations i think. wen cells become damages, they repair themselves incorrectly, more often results in cancers..
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Weakening of the lungs and more prone to breathing problems/diseases and increased chance of contracting lung infections and pneumonia.
During nuclear division and the process of metabolic activities ,some waste materials are formed in the nucleus. it is called nuclear waste.
Harmful Effects of Nuclear Wastes: Nuclear wastes usually contain one or more highly radioactive substances. Radioactive nuclear wastes pollute the earth to a dangerous level of toxicity. If the nuclear wastes are exposed to underground water, the radiations get absorbed in water and then enter in …living beings through food chains. Nuclear wastes emit harmful radiations. These harmful radiations affect the living beings. These harmful radiations damage our tissues, cells and rd blood corpuscles. The nuclear wastes radiations can cause the diseases like cancer, leukemia, etc. Radioactive waste also spreads through water that is used in nuclear reactors. This has a huge effect on the surrounding aquatic life. Waste products from nuclear power stations etc. are becoming a serious problem. Nuclear power plants do require huge amounts of water to cool their reactors. If this hot water is dump into rivers or oceans, thermal pollution may result. The heat can have a harmful effect on aquatic life. To protect the environment, the water must be cooled before it is released. Unfortunately, there is no way of stopping a radioactive nucleus from emitting radiation. (MORE)
Communist containment was the Cold War. The long term effects were MILITARY advancements, to include the computer which you are using now.
There is no definitive answer on this question. Even with prolonged use of the drug studies have shown it do be safer than taking many antidepressants which can destroy the serotonin receptors in the brain. one study states that it takes a full three months for the brain to heal after MDMA and even …longer for MDA. Some possible long term effects are damage to certain cells, loss of appetite, impaired memory, and pains. (MORE)
Should Nuclear Power continue to be developed to meet global demands when there is no long term solution to storage of nuclear wastes?
This is a disadvantage of nuclear power. But there are even more disadvantages for coal or natural gas power generation. The technology will come to figure out what to do the waste.
your brain will shut down, you will go through withdrawls, your whole body will start to shut down without it. Dont do speed
) Well...it has many long term side effects and it would depend on what method of administration you were using, most common would be addiction and overdose. If you use it intravenously it you risk damaging your veins and infections such as Hepatitis and HIV is you share needles. If you smoke it you… could alos damage your lungs. No heroin addict lives a long life, it's hard on all organs, and you never know when your next batch could be a bad one... (MORE)
Most of us, and that includes virtually everyone in North America and Western Europe, have suffered no damage from nuclear power, and provided the industry is well run and radioactive waste is well handled in the future, that should continue to be true. As you probably know, a very bad disaster happ…ened in the Ukraine at Chernobyl, and some people who worked at the plant died, and others who lived nearby received high radiation doses. That sort of accident is totally unacceptable and everyone in the industry, designers and operators, is dedicated to not allowing something like that again. The major worry now is probably from terrorism, and we must stop any attempt to damage nuclear plants. But to imply as you do that all of us may suffer from nuclear power is in my opinion quite wrong. (MORE)
There are two basic different forms of nuclear waste. Each has itsown criteria for storage, and these illustrate how long it lasts. Low level waste is not particularly radioactive and may not lastvery long as waste. An example is tritiated water, which can beconsidered nuclear waste at fairly low l…evels of radioactivity. Inthis form, it can be stored while the tritium decays into stablehelium. Natural tritium is replenished by cosmic rays as quickly asit decays. In storage, however, it is not replenished, and in a fewcenturies, the water that had been nuclear waste will have lesstritium, and be less radioactive, than water found in nature. Thereare other forms of low level waste, but their characteristics arein large degree similar. For spent fuel and similar high level waste, however, the answer isdifferent. I have heard many people talk of this, usually citingsuch numbers as the half life of some isotope. Such a number is notuseful. A more accurate and understandable figure can be based on acriterion put into use by nuclear scientists in Europe, which isthat waste may be considered safe when it has decayed to the pointthat it is no more radioactive than naturally occurring uraniumore. According to this criterion, spent fuel is safe in about6,000,000 years. (MORE)
By 'waste' I mean high level waste which is contained in the spent fuel. The behavior of the fission products in reactor fuel is dependent on a number of factors; 1. The yield from fission 2. The effect of neutron capture whilst in operation 3. The half life of the radioactivity 4. The type …and energy of the radioactivity Clearly the amount of radiation per unit mass of any radioactive emitter is higher the shorter the half life, but then it decays more quickly than for long lived emitters. Since in practical terms the spent fuel is stored on site for several years at least, half lives of less than 1 year are not so important as those of say tens of years, so these medium life emitters are more important. Two of these are Strontium 90 at 29 years and Caesium 137 at 30 years. In the much longer term, there are seven isotopes identified which will still be active after millions of years: Technetium 99, Tin 126, Selenium 79, Zirconium 93, Caesium 135, Palladium 107, Iodine 129. Caesium 135 for example has a half life of 2.3 million years. Thus effectively you can say it stays dangerous for ever, or as long as humans are likely to exist, but the most dangerous parts will have decayed to only a small proportion of their original activity after a few thousand years.. See Wikipedia article 'Long-lived fission products' (MORE)
The nuclear waste gives off radiation. That radiation in large enough doses changes DNA in cells. When the DNA changes sometimes the cells can become cancerous. In even higher doses the cells will die.
The main short term effects are: . blast . fire . thermal burns . flash blindness . radiation sickness . beta burns (from fallout exposure)
depends on the type of waste, that determines its halflife. some waste will be safe in just a few decades, other types will take millions of years. if they would reprocess reactor nuclear waste so that uranium, plutonium, and other transuranics were recycled as fuel instead of staying in the waste…; the remaining waste could be stored in a repository for 100 to 200 years and be safe after that. (MORE)
Radiation is one of the long-term effects of a nuclear detonation wich of the fallowing type of radiation is emitted only during detonation?
Mostly Uranium 235, Uranium 238, and Plutonium 239 Also fission fragments. If your talking about any kind of radiation then it would be thermal radiation from the heat blast. When you split the Uranium atom you get 2 Neutrons, 2 protons + 2 fission fragments. 1 of the 2 neutrons will be urani…um 235 and the other plutonium 239. the radiation from a nuclear blast will at first be heat. This will be continious until the energy that created it is depleated. Note Uranium 238 is weaker than Uranium 235 and it absorbs neutrons. Uranium 235 has a far greater Neutron density (99.3%) Uranium 238 = (0.7%) (MORE)
Nuclear waste is carefully stored and never spread around the environment unless there is a serious accident like at Chernobyl, or resulting from fallout from nuclear weapon use. At Chernobyl there were reports of vegetation being discolored, but this was due to quite exceptional levels of contamina…tion which have never been remotely approached in the US or W Europe. I'm not aware of reports on atmospheric weapon tests, most of which were in the Soviet Union, so not reported on. More recently of course all nuclear tests have been underground. Most attention has been given to effects on humans, but clearly animals grazing on contaminated land will pick up some radiation. This happened after Chernobyl in countries as far away as the UK and meat from sheep in some areas was banned for quite a long time, though the actual levels were very low, not enough to make the sheep ill, but detectable. Low level discharges from Sellafield fuel processing plant into the Irish Sea have occurred, and the effects are monitored by analysing fish caught nearby, but I'm not aware of any resulting ban on fishing. (MORE)
That depends on yield, height/depth of burst, distance from burst, and amount and type of fallout at the location. Without knowing all these parameters and performing a complicated and approximate calculation, no estimates can be given.
Some kinds of radioactive waste, particularly spent fuel from nuclear power plants, will remain dangerous to people for tens of thousands and even hundreds of thousands of years. For this waste to decay to the point that it has approximately the activity of naturally occurring materials, it will tak…e several million years. (MORE)
Unfortunately there's no such thing as a short term effect . It depends on the area you're in when a blast occurs, and how close you are to the primary detonation, as well as the strength of the blast itself. Naturally, death by incineration is the most obvious if you're close enough, but rapid dea…th from Beta-Gamma radiation, unless you were in a shielded area at the time, would occur in the days following if you survived. Trust me when I say you'd be better of dying in the initial explosion. . Alpha radiation contamination, carried in the fallout from nuclear explosions, is the most common radioactive hazard outside of the blast area for survivors. Though it's only hazardous when it gets into your body (meaning keep your mouth/nose covered, as well as any open cuts, and wash the skin if it gets exposed), it eventually will find its way into the food and water supply This knowledge is one reason the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which halted above ground, space and underwater testing in 1963 between the U.S. and USSR, was signed. It was found that fallout had raised contaminant levels in milk and other foods, in particular Strontium 90. (MORE)
It depends on how much has been wasted but I'd say it would stay in the ground for the next 10 years for minimum and for a maximum would be for the next century (100 years)
If it is properly contained and isolated none however it can be a horible invasive poison if it is allowed to get out of controll.
This question was given an answer, which seems to be a popular misconception, so in providing a new answer, I am keeping it for the record: "nuclear waste is highly radioactive material and it is very harmfull so we cant do nothing with nuclear waste." While the beginning of that answer is true - nu…clear wast is harmful - there are things that can be economically and safely done about it. To understand this, it is necessary to understand something about the nature of neutrons. They have very short half lives when they are not bound into atoms - not quite fifteen minutes. During that time, they bounce around from one atom to the next. Usually, they impart some of their energy, warming the atom a bit, and bounce off. Sometimes, especially with radioactive atoms, they get incorporated into the nucleus, increasing the atom's isotope by one. When this happens they might render the atom radiologically inert, but much more likely, increasing the isotope reduces the atom's half life dramatically. Radioactive atoms that sit around have long half lives - that is what they are changed from. Sometimes, the collision causes the atom to decay. Sometimes, the collision causes the atom to divide, or undergo fission, and this produces a lot of heat and atoms that are called fission fragments. The reason a nuclear reactor or nuclear bomb works is that it contains a sufficient quantity of fissile material such as uranium-235. Such material naturally undergoes fission, and neutrons are released in the process. Most of these neutrons cause further fission, and do their work, producing fission fragments, but a few do the other things neutrons do. Lots of neutrons cascade through the fuel, with fission producing lots of heat, and lots of neutrons. So the reaction goes faster and faster, unless it is controlled by moderating the neutrons, as it is in a reactor. But eventually, the percentage of fissile material is reduced to the point that the reaction does not produce enough neutrons to keep going at full speed. What is left is highly radioactive waste. It could be reprocessed and reused, but this does not reduce the amount of waste we get per unit of original fuel - what it does for us is get more energy per unit. So we have radioactive waste that cannot be used in a conventional power plant for fuel. You will notice that this all depends on neutrons and runs down when the number of neutrons is reduced. So the question is, what if we could get the neutrons to reduce the waste from somewhere else? And part of the answer is, if we have enough neutrons, we could force the waste through a bunch of isotope changes, a fission now and again, a bunch of decays, and a whole lot of neutron to atom bounces, to prodece radiologically inert material. Now the question is, where do we get a bunch of neutrons, especially since the neutrons have to start out being rather powerful to do all this? Neutrons are hard to accelerate, which is how they get powerful. But it turns out that if you accelerate protons, which is comparatively easy, and crash them into certain types of heavy metal atoms, such as lead, the metal atoms have neutrons knocked off, and these are sufficiently energetic. This process is called "nuclear spallation." So, we can build a proton accelerator, crash the protons into lead, and use the neutrons is a bath of molten lead into which the waste has been dissolved, to destroy the waste, ultimately rendering the waste radiologically inert. A lot of energy is released in the process, which can be converted into electricity and sold. Waste from a plant of this type seems to be more than 99.9% radiologically inert, and is estimated to be as radioactive as coal ash after 500 years. And it turns out a device that does precisely this was invented by Nobel Prize winner Carlo Rubbia, in the 1980's. A series of tests were done at CERN in the 1990's, which confirmed that the device would work. This device is called an "Energy Amplifier" or an "Accelerator Driven System." Work on such a system is currently being done in a number of places around the world, but the projects are always considered secret, so there is not much information about them. One was tried in Spain, but went bankrupt because investors were unwilling to wait through a twenty year period to begin to see profits. Another was designed in Italy, and brought to the point that estimates as to cost could be done - a 650 mW plant would cost about 650 million US dollars, about one tenth of what a conventional nuclear plant of the same power would cost. Norway is building one. So, it seems, is China. There is interest in such a plant in Brazil and Belarus, and possibly India and Australia. The US seems to be ignoring it altogether. There is one more benefit to the Energy Amplifier, aside from the reduction of radioactive waste. This is that it can also generate electric power from thorium, which is very common. There is enough easily available thorium around to provide the world with its current demand for electricity for several thousand years. Nothing in this world is certain until it is certain, and sometimes things do not happen as promised, but... We have hope this will work. (MORE)
Well, it is poisonous, and radioactive- which can cause radiation sickness and cancer. Basically, it can kill people, animals, and plants. For a long time.
Long term effects are heat stroke which may result in seizures, brain damage, unconsciousness and ultimately death.
There are many long term effects of HIV. They are . weight loss . lipdystrophy . insulin resistance . lipid abnormalities . decrease in bone density . lactic acid osis . complications from medication
Lung disease such as Emphysema and lung cancer. Coronary Artery disease, stroke, and heart disease. Think that about covers it. No, you forgot death.
if your wasting energy then that energy cant be used again until it has been reproduced, and that takes a very long time
There are different ways of looking at this. And one should be warned that the idea of a half life is not immediately applicable to safety. Knowing the half life, you still have to do a lot of calculating, more than ordinary people can do in their heads. The government of the United States has said… high level waste from nuclear power plants will be safe in about 1,000,000 years. Unfortunately, there is no easily understood explanation of how they came to that number. A much more easily understood number is used in Europe. The standard is that the material is safe when its radioactivity is no more than what comes from naturally occurring ores of uranium. This is easier because it can be calculated with some degree of precision, and the idea of safety is understandable. The number arrived at is 6,000,000 years. To understand this fully, we have to keep in mind what 1,000,000 or 6,000,000 years means. Human history is only 5500 years old. But that history only applies to the places where it existed. Recorded history of most parts the world, including most of Africa, all of North and South America, and much of northern Europe and Asia is less than 1000 years old. It is really hard for anyone to imagine 1,000,000 years or what will happen in that time. (MORE)
The following are some possible "long term effects of rain" ------ Leaching is a process where the rain water pushes nutrients deeper into the earth, leaving poor quality topsoil . Erosion processes where soil is washed away, flattening inclines. Acidic Rain can cause the break down of ro…cks/statues/buildings/cars/etc Rainy climates tend to have a unique and often lush variety of vegetation. Rain (as well as heat) promotes decomposition processes that help promote the cycle of life. (MORE)
Penicillin can give you Abdominal Pain, bone and joint pain, Bloating, Chest pain and weakness. Theres more but I really cant think of them
long term effects of penicillin are abdominal pains, bone and joint pain, bloating, chest pain and weakness.
depends on the isotope half life, then wait 5 to 10 half lives. some isotope half lives are in small fractions of a second. most fission products half lives are under 200 years. plutonium-239 half life is about 21,000 years. most uranium half lives are in the billions of years. what is the compos…ition of your waste? (MORE)
When consumed in moderation, alcohol (beer, wine and liquor) contributes to better health and greater longevity than abstaining from it or abusing it. Abusing alcohol can have serious safety and health consequences. .
The nuclear waste releases a gas called radioactivity. If this is not handled, then it can kill a lot of people. . Radioactivity is not a gas, it is a form of radiant energy. Gamma radiation is just very high energy light, and the others are composed of various subatomic particles.
That depends on the waste. Different materials have a different length of time and the more waste you have the longer it will take. you have to know the half life of the material and how much you have. Need to find what level of radioactivity you are considering to be a "safe level" and what the max…imum amount of your material you can have and still be below that level. After that you simply find how many times you need to divide the mass of your material by 2 to get it below the max "safe" amount and multiply the half life of that material by the number of times you divided by 2. Most Radio active waste can stick around for many many years. (MORE)
research anti-bullying websites on the internet and come up with a list of 5-10 ways to prevent bullying
There are some long term effects of global warming or green house effect:- 1. Temperature of earth increase up to 500 degree centigrade or may be more than it. 2. Life will not able to survive in such a condition and it will extinct. 3.In such above condition all useful metals like Fe will react …with oxygen to form reddish substance Iron Oxide with covers over planet and our planet will turn blue-green to red-orange. (MORE)
Minoxidil is a treatment for hair loss, it is not a cure. Once a patient stops taking minoxidil, he or she will most likely lose all of the re-grown hair within 90 days of stopping the medication and no further hair growth will occur.
Masturbation prevents you from getting prostate cancer , it is best when done 21 times monthly . Read this link
The half-life of the radiation in the rods used in nuclear power plants is 30 years, but under government standards, they are not considered "safe" until they are more than 90% depleted - nearly 300 years.
There really are non except for minor lung damage (just use a vaporizer) Think of it this way: when you wake up from a dream, are there long-term effects from the DMT you were producing in your head while you were dreaming? No.
Long term effects include very, very high addiction, violent behavior, anxiety, confusion, insomnia, paranoia, auditory flashbacks, mood disturbances, delusions, death, ect. It is a new drug so not all long term effects are known.
What US leader knew about the bomb the casualties in the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa the long term effects of a nuclear blast and the risk of a future nuclear war?
You are obviously looking for Harry Truman as the answer, but thatis wrong. While he knew much of this he could only suspect futurerisks of war, and nobody in the 1940s had any real concept ofpossible long term effects it was all pure speculation in thescientific community at the time (although base…d on priorradiological incidents: e.g. the radium dial painters,overexposures to x-rays). True understanding of the long termeffects had to wait decades for studies of the Japanese inHiroshima and Nagasaki. (MORE)
From what I've researched so far and my girlfriend having it. Long term effects could be intestional blockage... there's a story of a 18 years.old girl who had it and they had to take off her real belly button just to be replaced with a bigger scar. I think my girl friend has this too seeing how she… never goes to the bathroom and she's always throwing up. Can't keep anything down unless cannibis is added.. medical marijuana should be used.for these people suffering with gastroschisis so they can actually eat and get some nutrition. (MORE)
A person with diabetes (especially type 2) can have trouble fighting infections. Worst case scenario is a small infection spreading and causing gangrene. In most cases the person limb (or whatever is infected) needs to be amputated in order for the person to survive.
the long term effects of arousal are if you are highly aroused you do not perform as well, or if you are not aroused enough you do not perform to the best of your ability. This apply's in sports and anywhere or for anything else.
nuclear waste is a never ending source of hurt for the environment. truly we should try to contain it for 500 to a thousand years as the waste it produces is deadly and can cause tumors or cancer.
In most countries, nuclear power generation and other applications of radioactive materials started before plans for the disposal of the resulting radioactive waste were well developed. As waste arose, it was most frequently stored in various types of engineered containment on the surface and at sit…es to which access was controlled. Research and development work on waste disposal has shown that, in principle, all types of radioactive waste can be disposed of in a manner that provides protection for the health and safety of people and the environment. For high level and long lived radioactive waste, the consensus of the waste management experts internationally is that disposal in deep underground engineered facilities - geological disposal - is the best option that is currently available or likely to be available in the foreseeable future. This option is under investigation in most countries with significant amounts of such waste, and two countries have now made formal Government decisions to go ahead with facilities for the disposal of high level waste. The IAEA has issued a report of international experts who reviewed the issue of long-term storage and disposal of radioactive waste. (MORE)
There are no known negative effects of magic mushrooms or psilocybe cubensis reported in any scientific journal. There is anecdotal evidence that magic mushrooms along with many other species can drastically improve physical health and reduce ailments.
Each radioactive isotope has its own rate of decay, called the"half-life". This is the time that it takes for one-half of theradioactive elements to decay into something else. For veryradioactive elements, the half-life is pretty short, but sometimesthe element that id decays into is itself radioact…ive. It _NEVER_ completely decays, but at some point the nuclear wasteis no more radioactive than the background material. Remember thatsome elements like uranium are naturally found in rock formations,and that elements like radon are naturally occuring in theenvironment. This becomes a problem in the basements moutainousareas, where radon gas accumulates and can cause lung cancers. In general, nuclear waste needs to be protected and isolated forabout 50 years; after that, the residual radioactivity isn't goingto be especially hazardous. (MORE)