Why is it warmer in the summer than in winter in the northern hemisphere?

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Short answer. Whether you are in the northern hemisphere OR in the southern hemisphere it is always warmer in the summer than it is in the winter!
What makes it warmer, and summer time? The tilt of the earth creates the seasons as the planet moves around the sun, always tilted to one side. If the earth didn't tilt, no countries would experience their annual variations between summer and winter time. THE ANGLE of the sun to the earth's surface affects the temperature.
  • When the sun is more directly overhead, i.e. in summer time, and not coming from the side, the sun's heat is more concentrated on the earth's surface in those areas, making them really warm.
  • But the other parts of the earth, in the other hemisphere, where the sun's rays come from a lower angle, from a spot nearer the horizon, don't get as hot because the heat from the sun's rays, coming at an angle, is spread over a bigger patch of the earth's surface.
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